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Amphiprion percula  (Lacepède, 1802)

Orange clownfish
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Image of Amphiprion percula (Orange clownfish)
Amphiprion percula
Picture by Patzner, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Amphiprioninae
Etymology: Amphiprion: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, prion, -onos = saw (Ref. 45335).

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 1 - 15 m (Ref. 9710).    , preferred ?; 6°S - 26°S, 141°E - 155°E (Ref. 55268)

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Western Pacific: Queensland and Melanesia including northern Great Barrier Reef, northern New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Not known from New Caledonia and the Fiji Islands, although Fowler (1959) recorded it from the latter area. Often confused with Amphiprion ocellaris.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9710)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9 - 10; 背的软条 (总数): 14-17; 臀棘 2; 臀鳍软条: 11 - 13.

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Each group of fish consists of a breeding pair and 0-4 non-breeders. Within each group there is a size-based hierarchy: the female is largest, the male is second largest, and the non-breeders get progressively smaller as the hierarchy is descended. If the female dies, the male changes sex and becomes the breeding female, while the largest non-breeder becomes the breeding male. The maintenance of size differences may avoid conflicts, because subordinates do not become a threat to their dominants (Ref. 47841). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Maybe found in shallower depths than A. ocellaris. Associated with the anemones: Heteractis crispa, Heteractis magnifica, and Stichodactyla gigantea (Ref. 5911). This species has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35404, 35413, 35420).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Each group of fish consists of a breeding pair and 0-4 non-breeders. Within each group there is a size-based hierarchy: the female is largest, the male is second largest, and the non-breeders get progressively smaller as the hierarchy is desceded. If the female dies, the male changes sex and becomes the breeding female, while the largest non-breeder becomes the breeding male (Ref. 47841). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 7471.

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Allen, Gerald R. | 合作者

Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 




人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣; 水族馆: 商业性
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