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Aphanius darabensis  Esmaeili, Teimori, Gholami & Reichenbacher, 2014

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Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: darabensis: Links to Darab (the land of water) referring to Darab city, SE of Shiraz (Fars Province), as the species occurs in a spring near to this city.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Kol River, Hormuzgan Basin in Iran.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95579)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-15; Anal soft rays: 10 - 13. This species can be diagnosed from its closely related species Aphanius shirini by having 9-18 flank bars in males (vs. 7-10), small irregular vertical patches of brown color on the flank of females (vs. prominent dark brown blotches of round or irregular shape), and symmetrically shaped triangular to trapezoid otoliths with a rostrum clearly longer than the antirostrum (vs. quadrangular to trapezoid otoliths with short and equally sized rostrum and antirostrum). It differs from other congeners by the combination of four characters in both sexes: longer anal fin (15.5% SL in males, 12.1% SL in females), larger pelvic fin (8.1-12.5% SL in males, 7.04-10.3% SL in females), greater scale width (4.1-6.0% SL), and otolith characters. Furthermore, males possess greater scale length (3.0-4.8% SL) and small caudal peduncle (0.9-1.5% minimum body depth); and females have short caudal fin length (12.7-19.2% SL) (Ref. 95579).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in low numbers. Threatened mainly by drought and introductions of exotic species, particularly Gambusia holbrooki and Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Ref. 95579).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Esmaeili, H.R., A. Teimori, Z. Gholami and B. Reichenbacher, 2014. Two new species of the tooth-carp Aphanius (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) and the evolutionary history of the Iranian inland and inland-related Aphanius species. Zootaxa 3786(3):246-268. (Ref. 95579)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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