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Astyanax dissensus  Lucena & Thofehrn, 2013

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Astyanax dissensus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335);  dissensus: Name from Latin dissensus, meaning disagreement, in reference to the larger maxillary heptacuspid tooth peculiar to the species and unusual in Astyanax species.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Laguna dos Patos system and rio Uruguay drainage; one specimen from coastal lagoon of rio Tramandaí system.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94153)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal soft rays: 27 - 33; Vertebrae: 35 - 36. This species can be diagnosed from all congeners in the rio Uruguay basin, laguna dos Patos and rio Tramandaí systems, except Astyanax ojiara, by the presence of one heptacuspid tooth on maxillary (vs. tri- to pentacuspid teeth). It differs from other congeners, including species complex A. bimaculatus and A. scabripinnis by the following combination of characters: two humeral spots, the first spot vertically elongate; conspicuous caudal spot; 35-39 perforated lateral line scales; 6-7 scale rows between dorsal-fin origin and lateral line; 22-28 branched anal-fin rays; predorsal region scaled; one heptacuspid maxillary tooth; body depth 37.2-44.2% of SL; and head length 22.7-27.3% of SL). It is distinguished from A. ojiara by the head length 22.7- 27.3% (vs. 27.3-29.5% of SL) and by the presence of hooks on anal fin on males (vs. all fins with hooks) (Ref. 94153).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

De Lucena, C.A.S., J.B. Castro and V.A. Bertaco, 2013. Three new species of Astyanax from drainages of southern Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(3):537-552. (Ref. 94153)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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