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Arapaima agassizii  (Valenciennes, 1847)

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Arapaima agassizii
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Arapaimidae (Bonytongues)
Etymology: Arapaima: From tupí-guaraní, arapaima (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known only from the holotype from Brazilian Amazon.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Can be diagnosed from its congeners by possessing the following characters: 44 dentary teeth, counted on single ramous only; 43 maxillary teeth; orbit diameter 1.5, relatively small compared to similar-sized individuals; interorbital width 4.1, relatively narrow; parietals with pronounced posterior projections that are pointed and curve slightly toward the midline; caudal fin widely separated from dorsal and anal fins by relatively long caudal peduncle, 9.7; caudal-peduncle length divided by peduncle depth 2.4; 26 anal-fin rays, with distinctly shorter basal length than that of dorsal fin; dorsal and anal fins extremely low in profile (dorsal-fin base divided by longest dorsal-fin ray about 7; longest dorsal-fin ray in anterior third of fin); and first pectoral-fin ray not (or only slightly) enlarged in diameter and with proximal tip similar in form to second and subsequent pectoral-fin rays. Can be further distinguished from Arapaima gigas by having single row of small teeth on dentary (vs. 2-2.5 rows of enlarged teeth in A. gigas ) (Ref. 93668).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Stewart, D.J., 2013. Re-description of Arapaima agassizii (Valenciennes), a rare fish from Brazil (Osteoglossomorpha: Osteoglossidae). Copeia 2013(1):38-51. (Ref. 93668)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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