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Paracanthurus hepatus  (Linnaeus, 1766)

Palette surgeonfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Paracanthurus hepatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Paracanthurus hepatus (Palette surgeonfish)
Paracanthurus hepatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Paracanthurus: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 2 - 40 m (Ref. 1602), usually 10 - 40 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 27115), preferred ?; 30°N - 30°S, 32°E - 170°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to Kiribati, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, and Samoa.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2334)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 9; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 19-20; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 18 - 19.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Occur in clear, current-swept terraces of seaward reefs. Observed in loose aggregations 1 or 2 meters above the bottom; juveniles and subadults typical in groups near isolated Pocillopora eydouxi coral heads and when alarmed hide themselves tightly among the branches (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed on zooplankton and occasionally on algae (Ref. 9710, 48637, 27115, 83665). Relatively uncommon and highly localized (Ref. 1602, 9710). Very popular and hardy aquarium fish. Anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Randall, John E. | Medarbetare

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 57406)




Human uses

Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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