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Paracanthurus hepatus  (Linnaeus, 1766)

Palette surgeonfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Paracanthurus hepatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Paracanthurus hepatus (Palette surgeonfish)
Paracanthurus hepatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Paracanthurus: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Medioambiente / Clima / Gama Ecología

; marino asociado a arrecife; rango de profundidad 2 - 40 m (Ref. 1602), usually 10 - 40 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 27115), preferred ?; 30°N - 30°S, 32°E - 170°W

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to Kiribati, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, and Samoa.

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 2334)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 9; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 19-20; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 18 - 19.

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Occur in clear, current-swept terraces of seaward reefs. Observed in loose aggregations 1 or 2 meters above the bottom; juveniles and subadults typical in groups near isolated Pocillopora eydouxi coral heads and when alarmed hide themselves tightly among the branches (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed on zooplankton and occasionally on algae (Ref. 9710, 48637, 27115, 83665). Relatively uncommon and highly localized (Ref. 1602, 9710). Very popular and hardy aquarium fish. Anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Randall, John E. | Colaboradores

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 57406)




Human uses

Acuario: Comercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
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Ecotoxicología
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Puesta
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Egg development
Age/Size
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heritabilidad
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