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Paracanthurus hepatus  (Linnaeus, 1766)

Palette surgeonfish
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Paracanthurus hepatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Paracanthurus hepatus (Palette surgeonfish)
Paracanthurus hepatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Paracanthurus: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

पर्यावरण / जलवायु / सीमा पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री प्रवाल-भित्ति संयुक्त; गहराई सीमा 2 - 40 m (Ref. 1602), usually 10 - 40 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 27115), preferred ?; 30°N - 30°S, 32°E - 170°W

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to Kiribati, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, and Samoa.

आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 2334)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 9; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 19-20; गुदा कांटा 3; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 18 - 19.

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Occur in clear, current-swept terraces of seaward reefs. Observed in loose aggregations 1 or 2 meters above the bottom; juveniles and subadults typical in groups near isolated Pocillopora eydouxi coral heads and when alarmed hide themselves tightly among the branches (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed on zooplankton and occasionally on algae (Ref. 9710, 48637, 27115, 83665). Relatively uncommon and highly localized (Ref. 1602, 9710). Very popular and hardy aquarium fish. Anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक : Randall, John E. | सहयोगीयो

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 57406)




Human uses

जलजीवालय: व्यापारिक
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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