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Auchenoglanis biscutatus  (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1809)

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Auchenoglanis biscutatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Claroteidae (Claroteid catfishes) > Auchenoglanidinae
Etymology: Auchenoglanis: Greek, auchen = neck + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335);  biscutatus: Named for the country of Senegal, where the type locality is located (Ref. 85565).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: ? - 25; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2059), preferred ?; 35°N - 10°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: West African rivers from Senegal to Chad basins, and more east in the Nile and Lake Turkana basins (Ref. 96687).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3236); max. published weight: 4.4 kg (Ref. 3236)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 6 - 8. Diagnosis: head broad (width at least 2/3 of length); snout length less than 0.9 times head width; hind margin of adipose fin nearly straight; premaxillary dentition forming (in adults) 2 well separated, kidney-shaped plates; maxillary barbels never black and reaching at least to hind margin of eye; 8-11 (usually 9 or 10) gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; palatine membrane bilobed (with a large and a smaller lobe); dorsal margin of cleithral process broad and flat (visible only in adults)(Ref. 57126).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Commonly occurs in running water, lakes and submerged vegetation in the Sudd, rare in fringing vegetation. Feeds on the bottom on mud, debris, insects, notably chironomid larvae and mollusks. Gravid fish are recorded throughout the year with a peak in the dry season (Ref. 28714).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Geerinckx, T. and E. Vreven, 2013. A re-evaluation of the species-level diversity within the catfish genus Auchenoglanis (Siluriformes: Claroteidae). J. Nat. Hist. 47(47-48):2979-3010. (Ref. 96687)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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