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Anchovia surinamensis  (Bleeker, 1865)

Surinam anchovy
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Anchovia surinamensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anchovia surinamensis (Surinam anchovy)
Anchovia surinamensis
Picture by Holm, E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Anchovia: Italian ancioa = anchovy (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; pelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?; 11°N - 1°S, 64°W - 46°W (Ref. 189)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central and South America: lower parts of rivers from Trinidad and eastern Venezuela south to Para, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12225); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 20 - 25. Snout moderate and pointed, tip well above center of eye; maxilla short, tip blunt, failing to reach articulation of lower jaw by about 1/3 eye diameter, not extending behind end of second supra-maxilla; sub-operculum with angular hind margin, not formed into a triangular projection; gill rakers fine and slender. Silver stripe along flank, up to 1.5 eye diameter at widest (Ref. 189). Lacks membrane connecting the gill covers across the isthmus, longer and narrower cheek, higher dorsal and longer pectoral. Deep body and numerous gill rakers (Ref. 37032).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in estuaries and rivers to collect food. At certain months of the year, mainly Feb.-Mar., this fish is very abundant and forms an important part of the fisheries (Ref. 12225).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawn in school (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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