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Amatitlania nigrofasciata  (Günther, 1867)

Convict cichlid
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  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Female picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Male picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Female picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Juvenile picture by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Amatitlania: Named for the type locality of the type species; 'Amatitlán' means 'a place abundant in amate' in Nahuatl, 'amate' is a kind of rustic paper made from the bark of Ficus petiolaris or Ficus indica..

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 20.    20°C - 36°C (Ref. 36880), preferred ?; 15°N - 8°N

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Central America: Pacific slope, from Río Sucio, El Salvador to Río Suchiate, Guatemala; Atlantic slope, from Río Patuca, Honduras to Río Jutiapa, Guatemala. Not in slope to Panama, Costa Rica or even Nicaragua, as formerly considered. Introduced elsewhere.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 36377); common length : 8.5 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 12193)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 17 - 19; 背的軟條 (總數): 7-9; 臀棘 8-10; 臀鰭軟條: 6 - 7; 脊椎骨: 27 - 28. This species is distinguished by the following characters: two (vs. one) distal rows of interradial scales on anal fin; arms in the first epibranchial bone are parallel (vs. divergent); posterior end of dentigerous arm of dentary rounded or squarish (vs. triple-spined or bluntly pointed); peritoneal coloration is uniformly dark (vs. not uniformly dark); rostrad directed pronounced convexity on the ventral process of the articular absent (vs. present); body less deep than as compared with its congeners kanna and siquia; 4th bar not Y-shaped (Ref. 74403).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit flowing water from small creeks and streams to the shallows of large and fast flowing rivers (Ref. 7335). Prefer rocky habitats and finds sanctuary in the various cracks and crevices provided by this type of environment (Ref. 7335), or among roots and debris (Ref. 44091). They occur in warm pools of springs and their effluents (Ref. 7020). Feed on worms, crustaceans, insects, fish and plant matter (Refs. 7020; 44091). Also used in behavioral studies (Ref. 4537). Approximately 100-150 eggs are deposited and are vigorously guarded and cared for by both male and female (Ref. 44091). A popular aquarium fish which requires high temperature to maintain itself in an environment, e.g. artificially heated waters of power stations. Aquarium keeping: in pairs; minimum aquarium size 80 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Lays eggs on cleaned surfaces of rocks. Parents incubate eggs and guard young. Tends and fans the embryos and free embryos and transfers them several times into new pits excavated in the bottom using its mouth (huddling) (Ref. 34155). Dark cavities are preferred as nests to conceal the brood and make them less conspicuous to visual predators (Ref. 38966). When in caves, single entrances are favored to reduce the probability of intrusion and are probably more manageable for the females in terms of defending their brood (Ref. 38966). Approximately 100-150 eggs are deposited and are vigorously guarded and cared for by both male and female (Ref. 44091).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Kullander, Sven O. | 合作者

Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2007. A systematic revision of the genus Archocentrus (Perciformes: Cichlidae), with the description of two new genera and six new species. Zootaxa 1603:1-78. (Ref. 74403)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  (Ref. 44091)




人類使用

漁業: 沒有興趣; 水族館: 高經濟性
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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