Ostorhinchus moluccensis (Valenciennes, 1832)
Moluccan cardinalfish
photo by Randall, J.E.

 Family:  Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes), subfamily: Apogoninae
 Max. size:  9 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 3 - 30 m
 Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: South Africa and India eastward to Fiji; north to Taiwan, south to Australia.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 8-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 2-2; Anal soft rays: 8-8; Vertebrae: 24-24. Distinguished from other species of Apogon in the subgenus Ostorhinchus with 21-25 rudiments + gill rakers, 14-17 lower arch developed gill rakers; the roof of the mouth and portions of gill arches pale; a whitish spot behind the posterior base of the second dorsal fin (Ref. 58519).
 Biology:  Nocturnal species. Occurs inshore (Ref. 7300); usually in silty habitat on mud slopes, in lagoons, and sheltered reefs. Usually seen in pairs or schooling, comprising numerous pairs when adult (Ref. 48635).
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 15.11.93
 Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 13.11.12
 Checked by: Bailly, Nicolas - 13.11.12

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