Australoheros barbosae Ottoni & Costa, 2008
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 Family:  Cichlidae (Cichlids), subfamily: Cichlasomatinae
 Max. size:  9.62 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  benthopelagic
 Distribution:  South America: Rio Preto, rio ParaĆ­ba do Sul basin in Brazil.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 16-16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 7-8; Anal soft rays: 9-10; Vertebrae: 26-26. Distinguished from other congeners by the combination of the following characters: caudal vertebrae 12; absence of mark on side of head; dorsal-fin spines 16; dorsal-fin rays 10-11; anal-fin rays 9-10; pectoral-fin rays 14-15; scales on upper lateral line row 15-17; rib pairs 11; 13-14 proximal radials on anal-fin base; caudal-peduncle length 10.2-11.9% SL; snout not robust; absence of depression on head; wide ectopterygoid; arm of epibranchial 1long; arms of epibranchial 2 with two short tubular processes; pre-orbital depth 60.5-65.3% HL; and arms of vertical trunk bar 7 with the same width (Ref. 79631).
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Torres, Armi G. - 21.11.08

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